· produce the sounds of the letters/ blend
· segment words
1. Prepare/ find a set of alphabet cards and memorise the actions linked to each sound
1. The teacher introduces a rhythm by snapping fingers and clapping hands. Once the pupils get used to the rhythm, the teacher adds the A-Z sounds using the corresponding sound action.
2. The teacher selects some of the alphabet cards and puts them on the floor, using the sounds that he/she would like to focus on, for example: /m/, /n/, /p/, /t/.
The teacher does the corresponding actions and pupils guess the letter cards.
Then pupils sing the song below together with the teacher.
1, 2, 3 and 4 and back to three and four
And /m/, /m/, (Clap, clap, clap)
1, 2, 3 and 4 and back to 3 and 4
And /n/, /n/ (clap, clap, clap)
3. Pupils sit in groups. One pupil sings with actions, the rest of the pupils in the group need to guess the letter and pick the card as quickly as possible. Then the next pupil sings and so on.
The teacher can use actions and encourage the pupils to do blending and segmenting of words. He/she needs to put word cards on the floor, so that the pupils can pick the corresponding word.
The teacher can add other graphemes/ words that have been introduced in previous lessons in order to revise them.
The teacher needs to use the same actions every time; consistency is important